Visual Astronomy Skills

Essential Visual Skills

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The naked eye is the best bit of hardware you will ever own so always start with that

First of all, your eyes need to become dark adapted so allow at least half an hour in complete darkness before you try and observe. An eyepatch over one eye will work indoors. Dear moonless nights are needed for observing dim objects like galaxies.

Get to know the night sky. Find and learn to recognise the shapes (asterisms) and constellations (saucepan = Plough, cross =  Cygnus, bow-tie = Orion, w = Cassiopeia, backward question mark = Leo ).

Sometimes the journey can be just as rewarding as the destination

Once you can recognise the shapes in the sky, learn how to use them as pointers or sign-posts to the brightest stars – Polaris (North Star), Rigel, Arcturus, Sirius, Aldebaran, Spica, Capella, Vega, Altair, Procyon, Castor and Pollux.

The best decision you can make might be to not buy a telescope (yet)

Download Stellarium* on your PC and install the app on your phone.

As well as white ones, learn to recognise orange, red, and blue stars.

Learn how to tell planets from stars and be able to identify Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Find out why planets don’t twinkle.

Then find the Orion Nebula and the Pleiades Cluster and if it is really dark the Andromeda Galaxy.

Find out how far away these objects are, how big and how hot they are.

Apart from meteors, this is a slow hobby. Don’t expect quick results but patience will reward you.

Find out more

Lots of reading and research will pay dividends. Sky at Night, Sky & Telescope websites plus Skywatchers Lounge and Cloudy Nights forums are recommended.

Recommended sky map for download Sky Maps – The Night Sky

Astronomy for Beginners – How to get started

Essential- Stellarium application and for desktop and mobile 

Recommended iPad app – Star Chart

Recommended Android app – SkEye

Cartes du Ciel also gets good reviews

Using a telescope 

High Point Scientific guide

Love the Night Sky guide

Sky and Telescope guide

Sky and Telescope guide to the stars


One comment

  1. Thanks for adding me. I am new to astronomy over the past couple of months. I have ordered a scope and should be receiving it soon. I look forward to learning more about Astronomy. Thanks

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